Suffolk Law College

The primary establishments of law in industrialised countries are independent courts, representative parliaments, an accountable government, the army and police, bureaucratic organisation, the authorized career and civil society itself. John Locke, in his Two Treatises of Government, and Baron de Montesquieu in The Spirit of the Laws, advocated for a separation of powers between the political, legislature and government our bodies. Their precept was that no individual ought to be succesful of usurp all powers of the state, in distinction to the absolutist theory of Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan. Sun Yat-sen’s Five Power Constitution for the Republic of China took the separation of powers further by having two extra branches of government – a Control Yuan for auditing oversight and an Examination Yuan to handle the employment of public officials. Around 1900 Max Weber outlined his “scientific” method to law, figuring out the “legal rational type” as a type of domination, …